Theory critique: Ecofeminism

This is the sixth of a series of theoretical critiques I will do based on entries in the volume, Companion to Environmental Studies (Castree et. al. 2018). The entry on Ecofeminism (section 3.5) was written by Greta Gaard. 


Greta Gaard gives a straightforward and sufficient overview of ecofeminism. She explains its roots in feminist thought, its expansion via intersectional theory, and its application via environmental/climate justice.

One strength of her review is interpretation through example. Gaard uses Hurricane Katrina to successfully demonstrate how ecofeminist analysis would play out to include categories of environmental sexism, ableism, heterosexism, ageism and speciesism.

Although Gaard does not review the weaknesses and constraints of ecofeminism, she gives a thorough overview that leaves room for an engaged reader to be curious about the limitations, via the forms of understanding left out by ecofeminist analysis.

Application to framework

Gaard’s section on Ecofeminism did help me better situate my understanding of ecofeminism—and feminist philosophy, more broadly—for use in my framework. It supports my recent thinking that I will be drawing on Black feminist philosophy, as well, to inform the argument I build toward liberatory and inclusive empathizing in public space across meaningful conditions of difference.


Gaard, Greta. “Ecofeminism.” In Companion to Environmental Studies, edited by Noel Castree, Mike Hulme, and James D. Proctor, 286–90. London ; New York: Routledge, 2018.

Photograph: Georgia M. Reid. 2015.